Parents have an obligation to support their children. This obligation applies regardless of whether the parents are married and regardless of who has custody. If the parents do not live together, the parent with whom the child does not live is still required to contribute economically to the child.
When and how to apply to the State Administration
If the parents do not reach agreement as to the amount to be paid, this decision may be left to the State Administration who will then decide what amount is to be paid. In that case an application should be submitted digitally to the State Administration. The application can be found here (form in Danish). If the applicant is unable to sign the form electronically (with NemID) the applicant may print and sign the form before sending it to the State Administration.
Child support consists of three parts: A fixed basic amount, a fixed supplement, and possibly an additional supplement depending on the gross income of the relevant parent and the number of children.
The indicative guidelines for fixing increased child support applicable in 2016 appear in the chart below.
The supplement is calculated on the basis of the fixed basic amount.
Parent A has two children and must pay child support to them. Parent A has a personal gross income per year of DKK 750,000.
As a general rule, child support is calculated in this way:
Parent A has to pay DKK 1,157 + 100% = DKK 2,314 + DKK 150. Total: DKK 2,464 per child per month.
For how long is child support paid?
Child support is paid until the child reaches the age of 18. If the child is in the process of training or studying, the child support obligation may, however, be prolonged until the child reaches the age of 24. The child support obligation ceases if the parent paying support dies.
Supplementary contributions in special cases
The State Administration may also decide that the father must pay a contribution towards costs in connection with childbirth - a so-called birth contribution of DKK 795 for 2016 and towards supporting the mother for two months prior to and one month following childbirth for 2016 DKK 1,385 per month. A parent may also apply for special contributions from the other parent in connection with baptism and confirmation or on other special occasions.
Child support and taxation
There is a possibility for tax deduction on the basic amount of DKK 13,884 for 2016 for children under the age of 18. There is no such possibility for support paid for children over 18. If support is paid for several children, there is a corresponding increase in tax deduction.
Child support is taxable income for the child who receives child support. The fixed basic amount, however, is exempted from taxation for children under 18.
Complaints concerning the decisions taken by the State Administration on child support may be put before the National Social Appeals Board (Ankestyrelsen).
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Senest opdateret 4. nov 2016
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