Types of adoption:
The adoption rules vary depending on the type of adoption.
All legal ties between the adoptee and the biological parents cease on adoption. This means for instance, that the adoptee gets right of inheritance from the adoptive parents and their relatives.
Adoption of a Danish or foreign child unrelated to the applicant(s)
Applicants who want to be approved as adoptive parents must meet certain general requirements. In order to ensure and promote the welfare of the adoptive child, everyone who applies for approval to adopt will be examined by the State Administration, before the Joint Council of Adoption (Adoptionssamrådet) determines whether or not an approval can be granted.
Applicants who wish to adopt must at least once attend a pre-adoption counselling course. Participation in the course costs DKK 2,500 (2016).
Requirements for adoptive parents
The general requirements for approval are:
There may be specific requirements that must be met for different types of adoption.
Assessment and approval
The adoption application must be submitted along with information on income, assets and health. Applicants are also required to state whether they have been convicted of a crime.
The Joint Council of Adoption consists of three members, a social worker, a physician and a legal member.
If the Joint Council of Adoption decides that the general requirements are met, the applicants may continue the adoption process.
Danish International Adoption (DIA) is in charge of placing foreign children in Danish adoptive families. See http://www.d-i-a.dk (website in Danish).
The Danish National Board of Adoption (Adoptionsnævnet) assigns Danish children for national adoption.
Adoption of relatives
Adoption of relatives refers to:
Some of the ordinary requirements are waived in connection with adoption of relatives. The age difference between child and adoptive parents may for instance exceed 42 years, and approval as adoptive parents is not required.
Complaints with regard to decisions made by the State Administration may be submitted to the Danish National Board of Adoption.
Forms in English
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Senest opdateret 21. okt 2016
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